A pelham bit provides the benefits of a double bridle – using snaffle action and curb action – without the need for 2 bits.
A Pelham can be used with a variety of rein options.
1. Two reins can be used so that the rider has both a snaffle and a curb rein.
2. A rein connector can also be used – a connector attaches to the curb ring and the snaffle ring, and the rein attaches to the connector, allowing the use of a single rein.
3. A single rein can be used without connectors, either at the snaffle ring or the curb ring, depending on the desired action and amount of control needed.
A pelham needs to be used with a curb chain to be effective.
The ported mouth curves upwards to allow more room for the tongue, hence putting more pressure on the bars of the mouth.
This makes the curb action more effective.