A pelham bit provides the benefits of a double bridle – using snaffle action and curb action – without the need for 2 bits.
A Pelham can be used with a variety of rein options.
1. Two reins can be used so that the rider has both a snaffle and a curb rein.
2. A rein connector can also be used – a connector attaches to the curb ring and the snaffle ring, and the rein attaches to the connector, allowing the use of a single rein.
3. A single rein can be used without connectors, either at the snaffle ring or the curb ring, depending on the desired action and amount of control needed.
A pelham needs to be used with a curb chain to be effective.
The oval elliptical link is basically a variant of the French link, with a rounded lozenge instead of a flat spatula joining the two halves of the bit.
The benefits are largely the same, with reduced nutcracker action, more even pressure over the bars, and independent control over the two sides of the mouth.